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Freemasonry in Norwich
Becoming a Freemason in Norwich
Becoming a Freemason
Freemasonry or Masonry consists of fraternal organisations that trace their origins to the local fraternities of stonemasons that from the end of the 14th century regulated the qualifications of stonemasons and their interaction with authorities and clients. Freemasonry has been the subject of numerous conspiracy theories throughout the years. Modern Freemasonry broadly consists of two main recognition groups:
Regular Freemasonry insists that a volume of scripture be open in a working lodge, that every member profess belief in a Supreme Being, that no women be admitted, and that the discussion of religion and politics be banned.
Continental Freemasonry is now the general term for the jurisdictions that have removed some, or all, of these restrictions.
The basic, local organisational unit of Freemasonry is the Lodge. These private Lodges are usually supervised at the regional level (usually coterminous with either a state, province, or national border) by a Grand Lodge or Grand Orient. There is no international, worldwide Grand Lodge that supervises all of Freemasonry; each Grand Lodge is independent, and they do not necessarily recognise each other as being legitimate.
The degrees of Freemasonry retain the three grades of medieval craft guilds, those of Apprentice, Journeyman or fellow (now called Fellowcraft), and Master Mason. The candidate of these three degrees is progressively taught the meanings of the symbols of Freemasonry and entrusted with grips, signs and words to signify to other members that he has been so initiated. The degrees are part allegorical morality play and part lecture. Three degrees are offered by Craft (or Blue Lodge) Freemasonry, and members of any of these degrees are known as Freemasons or Masons. There are additional degrees, which vary with locality and jurisdiction, and are usually administered by their own bodies (separate from those who administer the Craft degrees).
The history of Freemasonry encompasses the origins, evolution and defining events of the fraternal organisation known as Freemasonry. It covers three phases. Firstly, the emergence of organised lodges of operative masons during the Middle Ages, then the admission of lay members as "accepted" (a term reflecting the ceremonial “acception” process that made non stone masons members of an operative lodge) or "speculative" masons, and finally the evolution of purely speculative lodges, and the emergence of Grand Lodges to govern them. The watershed in this process is generally taken to be the formation of the first Grand Lodge in London in 1717. The two difficulties facing historians are the paucity of written material, even down to the 19th century, and the misinformation generated by masons and non-masons alike from the earliest years.
Freemasonry's long history includes its early development from organised bodies of operative stonemasons to the modern system of speculative lodges organised around regional or national "Grand Lodges".
Norwich is a city in Norfolk, on the River Wensum about 100 miles (160 km) north-east of London. It is the county town of Norfolk and traditionally seen as the chief city of East Anglia. The population of the Norwich City Council local authority area was estimated at 143,135 in 2019; the travel to work area is much larger at 376,500. The site was settled by the Anglo-Saxons, in the 5th–7th centuries, near the former Iceni capital and Roman Britain town of Venta Icenorum. It became settled as a town in the 10th century and then became a prominent centre of East Anglian trade and commerce. Norwich Cathedral and Norwich Castle were founded soon after the Norman Conquest in 1066. Norwich was granted city status by Richard the Lionheart in 1194. It benefited from the wool trade throughout the Middle Ages and prospered as a staple port. Until the 18th century it was England's second-largest city after London.
Norwich's fortunes declined with the Industrial Revolution and the expansion of new towns and industry in the north of England. It underwent de-industrialisation in the 19th century but remained a regional economic centre, with a prominent shoemaking industry. After the Second World War, Norwich gradually transitioned to a service-based economy. The University of East Anglia, established in 1963, is on its outskirts. The site was settled by the Anglo-Saxons, in the 5th–7th centuries, near the former Iceni capital and Roman Britain town of Venta Icenorum. It became settled as a town in the 10th century and then became a prominent centre of East Anglian trade and commerce. Norwich Cathedral and Norwich Castle were founded soon after the Norman Conquest in 1066. Norwich was granted city status by Richard the Lionheart in 1194. It benefited from the wool trade throughout the Middle Ages and prospered as a staple port. Until the 18th century it was England's second-largest city after London. Norwich's fortunes declined with the Industrial Revolution and the expansion of new towns and industry in the north of England. It underwent de-industrialisation in the 19th century but remained a regional economic centre, with a prominent shoemaking industry. After the Second World War, Norwich gradually transitioned to a service-based economy. The University of East Anglia, established in 1963, is on its outskirts.
The city is the most complete medieval city in the United Kingdom, including cobbled streets such as Elm Hill, Timber Hill and Tombland, ancient buildings such as St Andrew's Hall, half-timbered houses such as Dragon Hall, The Guildhall and Strangers' Hall, the Art Nouveau of the 1899 Royal Arcade, many medieval lanes and the winding River Wensum that flows through the city centre towards Norwich Castle. The city has two universities, the University of East Anglia and the Norwich University of the Arts, and two cathedrals, the Anglican Norwich Cathedral and the Catholic St John the Baptist Cathedral. Norwich holds the largest permanent undercover market in Europe. The urban area of Norwich had a population of 213,166 according to the 2011 Census. The parliamentary seats cross into adjacent local government districts. A total of 132,512 people live in the City of Norwich (2011 census), and the population of the Norwich Travel to Work Area (i. e. the self-contained labour market area in and around Norwich, in which most people live and commute to work) is 282,000 (mid-2009 estimate). Norwich is the fourth most densely populated local-government district in the East of England, with 3,480 people per square kilometre (8,993 per square mile). In May 2012, Norwich was designated England's first UNESCO City of Literature. One of the UK's popular tourist destinations, it was voted by The Guardian in 2016 as the "happiest city to work in the UK" and in 2013 as one of the best small cities in the world by The Times Good University Guide. In 2018, 2019 and 2020, Norwich was voted one of the "Best Places To Live" in the UK by The Sunday Times.
Becoming a Freemason in United Kingdom
Becoming a Freemason in England England
Region East of England
Founded c.43 AD as Northwic
City status 1094
Admin HQ City Hall
• Type Non-metropolitan district council
• Local Authority Norwich City Council
Clive Lewis (L)
Chloe Smith (C)
• Urban 52.6 km2 (20.3 sq mi)
Population (mid-2019 est.)
• City 143,135 (ranked 149th)
• Urban 213,166
• Urban density 4,100/km2 (10,000/sq mi)
• Metro 376,500 (TTWA)
Time zone UTC0 (GMT)
• Summer (DST) UTC+1 (BST)
Area code (IDD) 01603
Vehicle registration area code AO, AP, AR, AS, AT, AU
ONS code 33UK
Primary airport Norwich Airport